Gum disease; Periodontal disease
Gingivitis is a form of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is inflammation and infection that destroys the tissues that support the teeth, including the gums, the periodontal ligaments, and the tooth sockets (alveolar bone). Is there any home remedies for gingivitis available?
Gingivitis is due to the long-term effects of plaque deposits on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky material made of bacteria, mucus, and food debris that develops on the exposed parts of the teeth. It is a major cause of tooth decay.
If you do not remove plaque, it turns into a hard deposit called tartar (or calculus) that becomes trapped at the base of the tooth. Plaque and tartar irritate and inflame the gums. Bacteria and the toxins they produce cause the gums to become infected, swollen, and tender.
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The following raise your risk for gingivitis:
• Certain infections and body-wide (systemic) diseases
• Poor dental hygiene
• Pregnancy (hormonal changes increase the sensitivity of the gums)
• Uncontrolled diabetes
• Misaligned teeth, rough edges of fillings, and ill-fitting or unclean mouth appliances (such as braces, dentures, bridges, and crowns)
Use of certain medications, including phenytoin, bismuth, and some birth control pills
Many people have some amount of gingivitis. It usually develops during puberty or early adulthood due to hormonal changes. It may persist or recur frequently, depending on the health of your teeth and gums.
Exams and Tests »
The dentist will examine your mouth and teeth and look for soft, swollen, red-purple gums.
The gums are usually painless or mildly tender.
Plaque and tartar may be seen at the base of the teeth.
The dentist will use a probe to closely examine your gums to determine if you have gingivitis or periodontis.
No further testing is usually necessary. However, dental x-rays may be done to see if the disease has spread to the supporting structures of the teeth.
The goal is to reduce inflammation.
The dentist or dental hygienist will clean your teeth. The may use different tools to loosen and remove deposits from the teeth.
Careful oral hygiene is necessary after professional tooth cleaning. The dentist or hygienist will show you how to brush and floss.
Professional tooth cleaning in addition to brushing and flossing may be recommended twice per year or more frequently for severe cases of gum disease.
Antibacterial mouth rinses or other aids may be also be recommended.
Repair of misaligned teeth or replacement of dental and orthodontic appliances may be recommended.
Any other related illnesses or conditions should be treated.
Read more: nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/gingivitis/overview.html
Lifestyle and home remedies
Steps you can take at home to prevent and reverse gingivitis include:
• Get regular professional dental cleanings, on a schedule recommended by your dentist.
• Use a soft toothbrush and replace it at least every three to four months.
• Consider using an electric toothbrush, which may be more effective at removing plaque and tartar.
• Brush your teeth twice a day, or better yet, after every meal or snack.
• Floss at least once a day.
• Use an antiseptic mouthwash, if recommended by your dentist.
• Use an interdental cleaner, such as a dental pick or dental stick specially designed to clean between your teeth.
If you’re consistent with your home hygiene, you should see the return of pink, healthy gum tissue within days or weeks. You’ll need to practice good oral hygiene for life, however, so your gum problems don’t return.
Read more: mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gingivitis/basics/lifestyle-home-remedies/con-20021422